A Gearboxes Manual – 90 Degree Gearboxes

A gearbox is the system of gears and/or the hydraulic system that transmit mechanical power from a prime mover – such as an engine or electric motor – to a typically rotary output device at a lower angular momentum but a higher motive torque. Gearboxes have found use in a wide variety of different — often stationary — applications. Transmissions are also used in agricultural, industrial, construction, mining and vehicle equipment. In addition to ordinary transmission equipped with gears, such equipment makes extensive use of the hydrostatic drive and electrical adjustable – speed drives.


A Gearbox is also called gear head, gear reducers or speed reducers. They are available in broad range of sizes, capacities and speed ratios. Gearing arrangement for gearbox includes spur, helical, planetary, bevel, worm, and cycloidal.
90 degree gear box
A 90 degree gearbox, also known as a right angle gearbox, transmits torque at 90 degrees to the input shaft. It features a variety of mounting holes which enable it to be mounted easily in almost any position.
Right angle gearboxes contain input shafts that are positioned perpendicular to the output shafts. Right angle gear boxes have up to 98% efficiency levels and are common in printing presses and glass cutting equipment.
Bevel Gearbox
A Bevel gear is a gear wheel with tapered teeth meshed with another so that their shafts are at an angle of 90 degrees. They connect intersecting axes. A bevel gear box is yet another right angle gearbox solution with a much higher efficiency. It has a low ratio. The ratio of a bevel gearbox is reached at by dividing the number of the teeth of the larger wheel by the number of teeth of the smaller wheel. It is also known a right angle bevel gearbox. In bevel gearboxes, 2 axles cross at a point and engage by means of a pair of conical gears. These gears enable a change in the axes of rotation of the respective shafts, commonly at 90 degrees. There are four types of bevel gear boxes:

  • Straight bevel gearboxes – They have a conical pitch surface and straight teeth tapering towards an apex.
  • Zero bevel gear boxes – This is similar to a bevel gear except the teeth are curved. In essence, zero bevel gear boxes are spiral bevel gear boxes with a spiral angle of zero.
  • Spiral bevel gear boxes – The teeth are curved teeth at an angle allowing contact and motion to be gradual and smooth.
  • Hypoid bevel gearboxes – These are similar to spiral bevel except that the pitch surfaces are hyperboloids rather than cones. Pinion can be offset above or below gear center, thus allowing larger pinion diameter, and longer life and smoother mesh.

Wear and tear is common in gear boxes. This mostly occurs as a result of contamination and degradation of the lubricant. Therefore the oil used should be free from contamination. Breathers are often used to allow airflow on the gear box.
As there are moving parts in gearboxes, they have to be well preserved. It is important to take care of gearboxes. An annual check of all switches and sensors as well as cooler condition should be performed to ensure its long life and trouble free performance.
About the author
Rino Mechanical Components Inc. is a manufacturing resource which specializes in production of all types of mechanical components, including air motors. Mechanical parts are custom made as per the client’s specifications. A guarantee of two years is provided with all products. All equipment is of top quality made exactly to the consumer’s liking.

A Call to Action

Because of a recent boom in business, my company needed to update our office phone system. We had a very nice system in place already, but our business had tripled within a matter of months. Since we rely on phone orders for the vast majority of our sales, we needed to upgrade in order to handle the increase in call volume. We were lucky to have a great relationship with our telephone equipment provider, as within days we were able to have a new system ready to put in place. It’s not often that businesses find themselves in situations like this, but when they do come up, it’s important to know that the companies you have chosen to do business with are capable of meeting your needs in a timely manner.

Prior to this happening, we had a trunk study performed, after which we were told that we were losing business as a result of not having a new phone system in place. Anyone who has ever run a business knows that losing money because you are ill equipped to handle your customer’s needs is the worst way to lose money. Being able to make a phone call and knowing it would be taken care of quickly and efficiently was a great relief to me. I knew that with every passing day, thousands of dollars were being lost and that’s something I couldn’t afford to let happen. The whole situation made me think about the importance of knowing qualified vendors who can get you the products you need, when you need them.

I soon began looking into other areas where we were dependent upon other companies for goods and services to see if we were utilizing vendors who could facilitate the changes our growing business was experiencing. After a long, hard look, we decided to switch shipping companies and to switch to a new overnight call center operator. It’s not that our needs weren’t being met at the time, but that if things continued to grow, we would likely outpace our current vendor’s ability to provide service. Being proactive in your business relationships is just as important as being proactive about your business. After all, most companies depend on other companies to make their operations run smoothly. I encourage all business owners to seek out the service providers and vendors that can handle your needs both now and in the future. When your business grows, you’ll be happy you did.

15 Steps On How To Welcome Your New Employees

Looking after a new employee during their first few weeks at work can mean the difference between their success and failure as employees as well as your success and failure as an employer, manager or supervisor.

Proper orientation determines how fast the new employee can be productive and efficient in his or her new job while giving you a good opportunity to make your new employee an efficient part of your team.

Below are 15 suggestions that will help you deal with your new employees during their first few weeks to help make sure that they get started on the right track.

  1. Have a induction policy for welcoming and training new employees. Don’t just leave it to whoever is available. Human resources should cover the HR side of the induction with a trainer (if you have one) or a senior manager or supervisor covering the more hands on part of the job. Either way the following is a minimum of what is required.
  2. Give your employee a warm welcome. Don’t just point them to the area they work and let them get on with it. Nothing makes a new employee feel comfortable more than a warm welcome.
  3. Give them a brief description about your role as a supervisor. Knowing who’s in charge and what you expect from them will make them more comfortable with you as the boss.
  4. Give your new employee a welcome tour of the whole department or, if the site isn’t too big, the whole site. Make sure they know how to get to the bathroom, emergency exits, cafeteria, etc.
  5. Give them a brief summary about the company, its history as well as its mission and objectives.
  6. If possible demonstrate your company’s products and/or services, paying particular attention to the products relating to the area in which the employee will work. This will make them more secure and confident with the work that they are going to be doing.
  7. Explain to your new employee how the company works particularly if the company has any unusual working practices or a different structure than the norm. Again, this will help familiarize them with the company.
  8. Tell your new employee about the company’s competitors and what is being done to make sure that the company is staying ahead of the competition.
  9. Explain in detail your new employee’s responsibilities and describe their job functions. Don’t leave it to the other employees to teach them the basics unless there is a trained member of staff whose job it is.
  10. Let your new employee be aware of what you and the company expect from them. This includes proper work ethics, productivity, teamwork, and appearance.
  11. Explain the specific conditions and requirements of employment, including hours, pay, pay periods, holiday pay, sickness provisions, pension, medical benefits, lateness etc.
  12. Be very clear about the safety rules, policies, procedures and regulations. Explain and show proper use of safety devices.

13.Introduce your new employee to his or her co workers along with a brief description of their jobs and responsibilities.

  1. Outline opportunities for promotions and other opportunities.
  2. To give them time to acclimatize give them a work buddy, a friendly experienced worker, to show them the job and work with them for the first week of two. Covering all of these basics will help new employees settle in and they will be more efficient able to be contribute much more quickly compared to employees that are just left to their own devices.

15 Easy Steps to Starting Your Small Business

Yeah, sure it’s easy, and of course, that title is a little tongue in cheek. It takes a lot of hard work to get a business off the ground. But, it’s worth every hour I’ve spent getting to where I am now.

When I decided to start my communication and image consulting business, I tried hard to find a good startup guide. I couldn’t find any that had all the steps. So, I decided to write one. So far, it’s mostly just the bare-bones outline (which is long enough as it is) you see in this article.

 I’ll be adding to it every week or two, and writing more detailed articles on all the steps, so try to stop by and check it out from time to time. Let me know how I’m doing. Shoot off an email to me if I’ve forgotten something or you have questions.

Before you spend so much as a dollar, talk to a few experts.  Go to the library or get on the internet and research, research, research.  Take a little time to make sure entrepreneurship is right for you.

Make a pro and con list of business ownership, and evaluate yourself honestly.  How many characteristics do you have in common with successful entrepreneurs?  Is your financial position strong enough?  Do you have the necessary technical and management skills?

You’re not going to be the perfect entrepreneur.  Nobody is.  But in order to make yourself the best entrepreneur you can be, consider ways to compensate for any weaknesses you might have.

I’m from Canada, so the government agencies I’ve mentioned in this guide are Canadian, but really, it can be used by anyone. All you have to do, if you’re from somewhere other than Canada, is find out where you need to find some of the things I’ll talk about. Some of the steps might be slightly different, and you may not have to worry about things like GST for example, but I’m sure you’ll find this discussion helpful all the same.

These steps to starting a business are in reasonably good order, but you might find yourself varying from it under your particular circumstances. That really isn’t a big deal, as long as you get most of it done. There are some steps you’ll be able to skip as well, but please don’t skip any of the “big ones”, which I’m sure you’ll pretty much figure out from taking a look at the list.

So, assuming you’ve done your evaluation and you still want to start a business, take a deep breath, and let’s get started.

Conduct a feasibility study of your business.  Describe your typical customer, your product and your competitors.  Who will your suppliers be?  What will you charge for your product?  How will you market your product?  These are just a few of the questions you need to answer.

Write a complete business plan for your company, using the information you gathered from your feasibility study.  This vitally important, often overlooked step needs to include a description of your company, its goals, competitors, market, financial information, and of course, how you intend to meet your goals.

Get your financing in place.  There are many ways to finance your business, from your own savings to personal credit cards to bank loans.  If you need credit, know your business plan from front to back and maybe even sideways.

Decide what kind of structure your company will have.  From a legal standpoint, there are three basic choices, sole proprietorship, partnership and incorporation, each with advantages and disadvantages.

Choose a name for your company and check on name availability. Naming your company is highly individual, but it’s the first thing associated with your business, so choose your name carefully.  You’ll need to do a NUANS (Newly Upgraded Automated Name Search) report, which checks your name choices for uniqueness against a database of other business names.  A reserved name is valid for 90 days.

Decide whether you want to register federally or provincially and register your company.  If you register federally, you’ll also have to register provincially, which almost doubles the cost. You don’t have to have a lawyer process them for you, but it might be a good idea to at least consult with one.  You can get the forms from your local government office, have them faxed to you or download them.  You can fax or email printed copies, or complete the forms online

Contact Canada Revenue Agency Business Window for your business number, and to register for GST/HST, payroll, corporate income tax and import/export (if applicable).  You can also contact the CRA if you need general information about business expenses.  Chances are you’ll have to collect GST, but you may want to register for a GST number even if you don’t have to collect it because of input tax credits.

Decide whether you need to collect PST.  If you do, you need to submit “Registration as a Vendor” documents with your province.

Determine whether there are special permits or licenses in your municipality.  It’s highly unlikely that your municipality does not have special permits or licenses.

Develop the marketing materials you decided on in your business plan.  They should include at least a company identity package, press kit and website.  Your identity package is your logo, business card and letterhead.  A press kit can include letters of introduction, biography sheets, press releases, articles and a brochure.  In today’s electronic age, printed materials aren’t enough.  You need a website that looks professional, matches your printed material and has great copy.  You’ll also want to make sure it’s optimized for search engines.

Set up your business bank account and record-keeping system.  Your banker will need to see your incorporation documents, and you should probably set up more than one account so you can keep track of your finances better.  Record-keeping is required, and can be done manually or with a computer program.

Purchase insurance.  There are many different types of insurance, but most probably your company will need at least one.  For example, if you’re going to have employees, you need to contact the Worker’s Compensation Board.  Depending on your type of business, you might want to contact them even if you don’t have employees to insure yourself.

Contact potential creditors and set up credit terms.  You should have researched suppliers when you were doing your feasibility study.  Now is the time to contact them.

Decide where your business will be located.   Lease your business’ space.  Alternatively, you could choose to start your business from home if it’s feasible.  There are advantages and disadvantages to starting your business from home.  You have tax write-offs for example, but sometimes your image suffers.

Purchase supplies and office equipment.  You’ll need too many things to list here, and of course, each business has different needs.  You might need a fax machine and printer.  You’ll probably need a computer.  You’ll definitely need paper, pens, pencils and a calculator.

Congratulations! Go out, buy yourself a bottle of champagne and celebrate. You’re about to embark on a most exciting journey. And may I be the first to wish you good luck and prosperous times in your business venture.

As promised, here’s my email address so you can ask questions, make comments or add steps to my list. Or, if you want, you could just drop me a line to let me know how your small business is doing. I’d really like to know.

10 Ways To Reduce Tax Burden For Your Small Business

An ideal lawyer will not just have a string of impressive credentials or gold lettering on his door. He or she will be caring, concerned, and devoted to their work. You need to think carefully before laying your trust in a lawyer after all in some cases your life, future, money or property will be in his hands.

Apart from doing extensive research to short list possible lawyers you must ensure that there is not conflict of interest, that you understand everything the retainer agreement states, and that you have checked the references and details regarding the practice.

You will know the lawyer you have chosen is the perfect one if:

He makes an effort to spend time to understand your case himself. He will not assign a legal assistant to take facts of the case down.

From experience and knowledge he will know what is relevant and what is not. He will set aside and ignore irrelevant facts, opinions, and personal emotions that cloud the case on hand.

He will insist that the footwork for the case be done thoroughly. All facts must be checked for accuracy and solid arguments jotted down with backing of earlier rulings.

He will not just focus on the problem at hand but examine the problem from all sides. This will create a complete picture highlighting all factors of relevance and the different ways one can approach the case.

He will use his foresight and anticipate moves by the opposition or opinions of the jury or judge and plan way ahead. Like a master chess player he will plan the case not by the day but by many hearings ahead.

He will not waste time beating around the bush or create verbose statements—many words strung together which look impressive but mean nothing. He will insist that the case and its arguments be clearly stated.

He will be self-disciplined, thorough, and self confident. Courteous at all times he will respect you as well as all the staff who work for him.

He is recommended by not just his friends and relatives but by other professionals of good standing and from his field.

He will not just present to you his victories but be happy to tell you why and how he lost certain cases.

He will lay the cards on the table and tell you clearly whether your case stands to win or loose. He will not claim that winning is guaranteed. He will be honest and upfront about his opinions and advice.

The bottom line is that the lawyer must be worthy of your trust. Use your inborn instincts and don’t go by the lawyer’s good looks or fancy car or office. After all it is competence in law and in court that is of essence to you.

Everyone worries about taxes and looks for ways and means of reducing the tax burden. When you have a small business of your own you must up date your knowledge of tax laws that pertain to “small businesses.” As a business owner you must understand clearly about accounting systems and tax planning. Sit down with your accountant and plan on ways of maintaining business expenses, filing receipts, planning on “tax saving” investments, and a strategy for running  the business in the most beneficial way.

Did you know that:

According to law you can reduce your tax liability by hiring family members to carry out work in your business. Pay your children and spouse to perform assigned duties. This way you can shift from higher tax rates to lower ones.

Consider hiring independent contractors instead of employees. You will save on payroll taxes. However ensure that you meet the IRS’s criteria.

Think about “deferring income” postpone receiving money to January instead of December. This means that payments received will be up for “tax” calculations a year away.  However ask your accountant’s advice as the benefits are dependant on profit and losses for the year and your corporate legal structure.

Take advantage of tax deductions allowed for charitable donations. Make donations in November or December instead of January so that you can include the donations for tax deductions in the current year.

Maximize your expenditure on equipment and office supplies. Buy in advance for a quarter and use the tax deductions allowed in the current fiscal year.

Include expenses of business related travel in the current year.

Pay all bills due before the end of the year. Payment to cell services, rent, insurance, and utilities related to the business can be included for accounting and applicable tax waivers.

Plan a retirement plan and make payments before the end of the year. This will reduce your income for the year and proportionately the tax due. Be sure to check on the limits. Plan a feasible and beneficial strategy with your accountant.

  Be sure to deduct from your taxable income money paid to licensing fees, businesses taxes, and annual memberships to businesses related organizations. Be sure to deduct interest paid on borrowings for running the business and related fees. Insurance premiums paid to insure the business office and machinery are eligible for tax deductions. Make a list of your memberships and check which ones are eligible for tax deductions.

Check whether you have deducted management and administration expenses as well as money spent on maintenance and repairs of equipment.

Decide whether a cash accounting system or accrual one will benefit your business. The tax deductions are different depending on the system you use. When setting up your small business take the advice of a tax and accounting professional as to which accounting system would be most suitable.

What Makes Shop Vacuums an Exceptional Brand of Vacuum Cleaner?

Simply envision how much simplicity you can get from a vacuum cleaner that can tidy up wet and dry wreck. In the event that you accept it is absolutely outlandish, well reconsider. Shop-Vac is celebrated for this specific element; its instruments empower it to get any kind of wreck, regardless of whether it is dry or wet. These vacuums likewise have a strong form; you can depend on their solidness, hence making them keep going for a lifetime. Allow us to take a gander at a portion of the stunning highlights of Shop-Vac.

Tidies up wet and dry wreck

It is uncommon to discover this element in many vacuums; notwithstanding, some Shop-Vac models have this element. These vacuums accompany an extendable wand and a spout that can tidy up wet and dry wreck.

Compactness ensured

Shop-Vac accompanies ergonomic handles on the top and the sides. These advantageous handles give ease in shipping the vacuum. A few models accompany a rucksack configuration, subsequently permitting a lot of solace in taking the vacuum to a few places all through the house.

Colossal tank size

You can tidy up an enormous measure of wreck absent a lot of issue. Shop-Vac accompanies a gigantic tank going from 1 gallon to 55 gallons. You can just tidy up any wreck without stressing over a spilling over tank. Regardless of whether it is fine residue or enormous garbage like leaves, the tank can contain these things and keep them inside. As a result of the huge garbage limit, you don’t have to continue exhausting the tank after each vacuuming.

Simple stockpiling

Some Shop-Vac models arrive in a thin and minimal body, consequently permitting you to store them effectively in little spaces. On the off chance that you need to save more floor space, you can even mount your Shop-Vac on the divider. This component arrives in a couple of models, for example, the Mini Hang-Up.

Solidness and Sturdiness

Regularly, Shop-Vacs are exceptionally solid and strong. There are models that are ideal for modern or business purposes, accordingly having the form reasonable for substantial work. These vacuums can withstand persistent long stretches of tidy up on account of their prevalent torque.

Wide combination of on-board instruments

Shop-Vac is certainly an inside and out cleaning device. These vacuums are amazing on exposed floors or on rugs, however you can likewise tidy up household items, the inside of your vehicle, upholstery and surprisingly your lawn. On-board apparatuses incorporate a cleaning brush, extendable hose, hole device, gulper device and spout. You won’t ever discover such a lot of embellishment apparatuses in some other brand of vacuums on the lookout.

Shop-Vac: Making Housecleaning a Lot Easier

The different advantages and incredible highlights of this vacuum brand make it very mainstream in many families. No other vacuum brand might at any point have this much capacities as what Shop-Vac has. On the off chance that you are after compactness, you can never turn out badly with this vacuum. It is lightweight and accompanies ergonomic handles for more straightforwardness in transportation. It can likewise withstand uncompromising tidying up due to its tough form. With these remarkable highlights in each vacuum cleaner by Shop-Vac, you can think about this as an incredible purchase that makes certain to endure forever.